MODERNIZATION OF WATER MANAGEMENT
May 4 of the 2018.
LUIS LUJÁN CÁRDENAS, sociologist and journalist
It is important to highlight the concern of the current government to develop an efficient water management, even more so if the 2030 must comply with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) approved at the 2015 by the United Nations. The SDG 6 considers "Guaranteeing the availability of water and its sustainable management and sanitation for all".
The Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation has indicated that to provide water and sewage to the 100% of cities and 80% in the rural area must invest efficiently at least 50 billion soles to the 2021, when the Vizcarra administration ends . It would be a great step in the fight against poverty.
But what about the natural sources from which the water comes? The potable water and sewerage service must go hand in hand with the sustained management of the sea, rivers, lakes, lagoons, snow-capped mountains, wetlands, basin headwaters, etc., and this must be modernized.
Along these lines, the National Water Authority (ANA) has launched the second stage of the Modernization Project for Water Resources Management; five years ago the first stage made possible the creation of six Basin Water Resources Councils: Tumbes, Chira-Piura, Chancay-Lambayeque, Chancay-Huaral, Quilca-Chili and Caplina-Locumba; important achievement, although with limitations of administrative and financial autonomy, with a limiting Law 29338 of Water Resources that must be updated urgently for the strengthening of the Basin Councils.
This second project of another five years is called Project "Integrated Management of Water Resources in Ten Basins", which with an investment of US $ 88 million World Bank-Peruvian Government, will strengthen the ANA and the six Basin Councils created in the slope of the Pacific, and will create four new Councils (Cuenca Mayo, Mantaro, Pampas-Apurímac and Urubamba-Vilcanota) on the Atlantic slope.
With the Water Resources Councils of Cuenca de Chillón-Rímac-Lurín and Jequetepeque-Zaña, recently created out of these projects, they will add twelve Basin Councils. And, at the moment the creation is promoted - initiative of the regional governments with the technical support of the ANA - of the Councils of Water Resources of Tambo-Moquegua Basin, Camaná-Majes-Colca, Urubamba-Vilcanota, Alto Pampas, Alto Mayo, and Ica- Huancavelica.
The objective is to create a score of these organisms to strengthen national water security, through watershed management. A project that will have a profound social impact on the well-being of all Peruvians.
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